HEMATOMA EPIDURAL ADALAH PDF

Epidural hematoma (EDH) is an intracranial hemorrhage between the outer membrane of the brain (dura mater) and the skull, usually caused by trauma. TRAUMATIC EPIDURAL VS SUBDURAL HEMATOMA. Trauma to be brain can be associated with both epidural and subdural hematomas. Epidural hematoma is a type of closed head injury that comes from bleeding between the skull and the brain.

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An epidural hematoma occurs when a mass of blood forms in the space between your skull and the protective covering of your brain. Trauma or other injury to your head can cause your brain to bounce against uematoma inside of your skull. This can cause a hematoma to form. An epidural hematoma can put pressure on your brain and cause it to swell. As it swells, your brain may shift in your skull.

If adqlah untreated, an epidural hematoma can cause lasting brain damage and even death. The symptoms of an epidural hematoma depend on its severity.

Epidural hematoma: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

They can arise minutes or hours after you sustain a head injury. You might have an epldural hematoma if you experience:. You might lose consciousness for a brief period of time. This might be followed by a period of alertness before you fall unconscious again.

You can even slip into a coma. An epidural hematoma usually results from trauma or other injury to your head. For example, your brain may be subjected to a damaging blow during a fall, vehicular accident, or collision in contact sports.

Physical abuse can also cause head injury and lead to an epidural hematoma. If your doctor suspects you have an epidural hematoma, they can use a variety of tests to diagnose and locate it.

For example, they may order:. Your recommended treatment plan for an epidural hematoma will depend on the severity of your condition and symptoms. Having other injuries or health conditions can also affect your hematona.

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In most cases, your doctor will recommend surgery to remove an epidural hematoma. It usually involves a craniotomy. In this procedure, your surgeon hemayoma open up part of your skull so they can remove the hematoma and reduce the pressure on your brain. In other cases, your doctor may recommend aspiration.

In this procedure, they will cut a small hole in your skull hekatoma use suction to remove the hematoma. Before craniotomy or aspiration, hematpma doctor might prescribe medications to reduce inflammation and intracranial pressure. For example, they may recommend hyperosmotic agents. These drugs can help reduce swelling in your brain.

Epidural Hematoma

They include mannitol, glycerol, and hypertonic saline. After your hematoma has been removed, your doctor may prescribe antiseizure medications.

This can help prevent seizures — a possible complication of head injuries. You might need to take these medications for months or even years.

Your doctor may refer you to a physical therapist, occupational therapist, or other therapist. They can help you manage symptoms and disabilities caused by your injury, such as:. They may hejatoma exercises to improve your physical abilities, along with other coping strategies.

Your recovery process epidura take time. Most improvements will occur within the first six months after your injury and treatment. Additional improvements may take up to two years. Without prompt medical treatment, an epidural hematoma carries a high risk of death. Even with treatment, it can cause lasting brain damage and disability. Prompt treatment increases your chances of survival and improves hematoka recovery prospects. As a result, head trauma and epidural hematomas can happen to anyone.

But you can lower your risk of injury by taking a few simple safety precautions. While it’s common for the shape of people’s skulls to vary, a dent or irregularity in your skull can indicate a serious health condition. A bump on the forehead isn’t usually reason for concern, especially if potential causes are minor injuries, swelling under the skin, epldural cysts.

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Who is at hekatoma of an epidural hematoma? How is an epidural hematoma diagnosed? How is an epidural hematoma treated?

What is the outlook for an epidural hematoma? How can you prevent epidural hematomas? Causes of Head and Skull Shape Abnormalities and How to Treat Them While it’s common for the shape of people’s skulls to vary, a dent or irregularity in your skull can indicate a serious health condition. Diffuse Axonal Injury Learn about the outlook and prognosis for a diffuse axonal injury. Amnesia Amnesia is a form of memory loss. Agnosia Agnosia is the loss of the ability to recognize objects, faces, voices, or places.

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