BAYAZ E KABIR PDF

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Bayzz Unani system of Medicine Unanipathywhich originated in Greece, is based on gayaz principles proposed by Galen, a Greek practitioner. Since then, many Arab and Persian scholars have contributed to the system. This system has an extensive and inspiring record in India. It was introduced in India around the tenth century A. D with the spread of Islamic civilization. At present, Unanipathy has become an important part of the Indian system of Medicine.

Unani medicines have been used since ancient times, as medicines for the treatment of various ailments. In spite of the great advances observed in modern medicine in recent baya, Unani drugs still make an important contribution to healthcare. The Unani system of medicine is matchless in treating chronic diseases like arthritis, asthma, mental, cardiac, and digestive disorders, urinary infections, and sexual diseases.

The medicines administered go well with the temperament of the patient, thus speeding up the process of recovery and also reducing the risk of drug reaction. The Unani system of medicine recognizes the influence of the surroundings and ecological conditions on the state of health of human beings.

The system aims at restoring the equilibrium of various elements and faculties of the human body. It has laid down six essential prerequisites for the prevention of diseases and places great emphasis, on the one hand, on the maintenance of proper ecological balance, and on the other, on keeping water, food, and air free from pollution.

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The Unani system is a secular system in temperament and is popular among the masses. In Unani medicine, although the general preference is for single drugs, compound formulations are also used in the treatment of various complex and chronic disorders.

On the basis of their constituents these are named as, Khamira Aabresham, Khamira Gaozaban, Khamira Marwareed, and so on. Khameeras are also used as general tonics for other vital organs like the liver and brain. In view of the increasing number of cardiac diseases, a thorough evaluation of this ancient work on Khamira is of special significance.

Unani drugs have been an integral part of treatment therapies of various diseases. In spite of the great advances observed in modern medicine in recent decades, unani drugs still make an important contribution to healthcare. Especially in countries like India many of the unani drugs and formulations are used in different practices of treatment, such as, Unani, Ayurveda, and Sidha. In this modern era people have started preferring unani drugs more because of its lower side effects, holistic approach, psychological dimensions, and qualitative action of weather and seasonal requirement.

Unani system of medicine is unmatched in treating chronic diseases such as arthritis, asthma, mental, cardiac, and digestive disorders, urinary infections, and sexual diseases.

Different types of formulations are used in the Unani system of medicine. For example solid preparations: Habb, Qurs, Shyaf, Sanoon; semi-solid preparations: Majoon, Itrifal, Jawarish, Khamira, and liquid preparations like Maul jubn, Maul-asl, as well as gaseous drugs like Bakhoor and so on.

The word Khamira in the Unani system of medicine indicates fermented confection, first introduced by the Hakeem of the Mogul period.

Khamira is a semi-solid preparation — a type of Majoon, which is prepared by adding a decoction of herbal drugs or powdered drugs to a base Qiwam made up of sugar or sugar with honey.

Other than herbal ingredients, animal and mineral origin drugs are also mixed, either by making solution in aqua or as a micro-fine powder,[ 1 — 3 ] Scented drugs such as saffron and musk are mixed when the decoction gives a white fermented appearance. Drugs used for the heart are made in such a form so that they are easily absorbed and can produce rapid action. These Khamiras have been named on the basis of constituents used for the preparation like Khamira Aabresham, Khamira Gaozaban, Khamira Marwareed, Khamira Sandal, and so on.

Khamiras usually act as a cardio-tonic, that is, a tonic for vital organs such as the brain, liver, and stomach, and is also used for various other ailments like palpitations, weakness of heart, weakness of principal organs, cough, cold, catarrh, including respiratory and nervous disorders. The present exhaustive review of cardio active Khamiras, collected from different ancient literatures, will be useful for a large population of the world for the treatment of cardiac problems, without any significant side effects, using natural remedies.

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This can also be taken as a lead by researchers and medical practitioners for development of new drugs using ancient information.

The various active ingredients used in these Khamiras have established cardioprotective activities. Ischemic heart diseases remain the leading cause of death in most developed countries, as seen over the past quarter-century.

Reducing the mortality rate and prevention of myocardial infarction MI are of utmost importance. Arq gauzaban a clear aqueous distillate of the plant Onosma bracteatuma unani product, has been extensively studied as a heart tonic. However, no pharmacological evaluation of the cardiovascular system has been reported prior to Bheemachari et al. Dietary supplementation with polyphenolic antioxidants to animals kabit been seen to be associated with inhibition of LDL oxidation and macrophage foam cell formation, and attenuation of atherosclerosis development.

Compound unani formulation mentioned in Bayiaz-e-Kabir, Makhazanul Murakkebat, and National formulary of unani medicine contains — 17 constituents of plant origin, five constituents of animal origin, and four constituents of mineral origin [ Table 1 ]. Compound Unani formulation mentioned in Bayiaz-e-Kabir containing — seven constituents of plant origin, two constituents of animal origin, and one constituent of mineral origin [ Table 2 ].

Compound Unani formulation mentioned in NFUM and Qarabadeen-e-Sarkari containing — eight constituents of plant origin, one constituent of animal origin, and one constituent of mineral origin [ Table 3 ]. Compound Unani formulation mentioned in Bayiaz-e-Kabir and Makhazanul Murakkebat containing — 12 constituents of plant origin and three constituents of animal origin [ Table 4 ].

Compound Unani formulation mentioned in Bayaz-e-Kabir and Makhazanul Murakkebat containing — six constituents of plant origin, five constituents of animal origin, and two constituents of mineral origin [ Table 5 ].

Compound Unani formulation mentioned in Bayiaz-e-Kabir and Makhazanul Murakkebat containing — eight constituents of plant origin, one constituent of animal origin, and three constituents of mineral origin [ Table 7 ]. Compound Unani formulation mentioned in NFUM and Qarabadeen-e-Sarkari containing — nine constituents of plant origin and one constituent of animal origin [ Table 8 ].

Compound Unani formulation mentioned in Bayiaz-e-Kabir and Makhazanul Murakkebat containing — 13 constituents of plant origin, two constituents of animal origin, and two constituents of mineral origin [ Table 9 ]. Compound Unani formulation mentioned in Bayiaz-e-Kabir containing — 15 constituents of plant origin, two constituents of animal origin, and two constituents of mineral origin [ Table 10 ]. Compound Unani formulation mentioned in NFUM and Qarabadeen-e-Sarkari containing — seven constituents of plant origin, three constituents of animal origin, and four constituents of mineral origin [ Table 11 ].

Compound Unani formulation mentioned in Bayaz-e-Kabir containing — 11 constituents of plant origin, three constituents of animal origin, and one constituent of mineral origin [ Table 12 ]. Compound Unani formulation mentioned in NFUM and Ilaj-ul-Amraz containing — four constituents of plant origin, two constituents of animal origin [ Table 13 ].

Compound Unani formulation mentioned in Bayiaz-e-Kabir containing — six constituents of plant origin, one constituent of animal origin, and three constituents of mineral origin [ Table 14 ]. Compound Unani formulation mentioned in Bayiaz-e-Kabir containing — seven constituents of plant origin, one constituent of animal origin, and three constituents of mineral origin [ Table 15 ].

Compound Unani formulation mentioned in Bayiaz-e-Kabir and Makhazanul Murakkebat containing — seven constituents of plant origin, one constituent of animal origin, and three constituents of mineral origin [ Table 16 ]. Compound Unani formulation mentioned in NFUM and Qarabadeen-e-Sarkari containing — one constituent of plant origin, one constituent of animal origin, and two constituents of mineral origin [ Table 17 ].

Compound Unani formulation mentioned in NFUM and Qarabadeen-e-Azam-o-Akmal containing — five constituents of plant origin and two constituents of mineral origin [ Table 18 ]. Compound Unani formulation mentioned in Makhazanul Murakkebat containing — six constituents of plant origin and four constituents of mineral origin, and two constituents of animal origin [ Table 19 ]. Compound Unani formulation mentioned in Makhazanul Murakkebat containing — one constituent of plant origin [ Table 20 ].

Various studies have been carried out thus far, to investigate the protective potential of Khamira in different ailments. The neurobehavioral assessment has also strengthened the above biochemical data, thereby indicating that the therapeutic intervention of KAUM, which is a potent cardiac and melancholic tonic, can be used to prevent or reduce the deterioration caused by free radicals, thereby preventing subsequent pathological and biochemical changes, which occur during cerebral ischemia.

The cognitive impairment was developed by giving a single intracerebroventricular injection of 1. The activity of the antioxidant enzymes, namely, glutathione reductase, glutathione S-transferase, glutathione peroxidase, and superoxide dismutase had decreased in the STZ group as compared to the control group and pretreatment of the STZ group with KAHAW had protected their activities significantly.

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The study concludes that the therapeutic intervention of KAHAW may be used to prevent or to decrease the deterioration of cognitive function and neurobehavioral activities, often associated with the generation of a free radical. An attempt has been made to evaluate the effect of various samples of Khamira Abresham Hakim Arshadwala on myocardial necrosis in rats.

KAHAW may be used to prevent or to decrease the deterioration of cognitive function and neurobehavioral activities, often associated with the generation of free radicals. Khamira Marwareed KM showed a significant increase in the relative organ spleen and thymus weight.

Cellularity of the spleen and bone marrow also increased significantly. The humoral immune response, evaluated by the plaque-forming cell PFC assay after challenging the mice with goat RBCs, was better in all the treated groups, when compared to controls. The maximum hemagglutination titer was obtained in mice treated with KM for 15 days. Ovalbumin-specific serum IgG levels in the treated mice also increased, suggesting an immunopotentiating effect of the preparation.

Administration of KM for 10 or 15 days elicited an increase in the delayed-type hypersensitivity DTH response. Taken together, the results suggested an immunostimulatory effect for KM through a mechanism, leading to a Th1-dominant immune state. Our laboratory has planned to study this virgin area of research, we would like to search for pathways that are targeted by these cardio-protectors and further research will be carried out to check their effect at molecular and genetic levels.

In view of the increasing number of cardiac diseases a thorough evaluation of this ancient work on Khamira is of special significance. The above article gives information about Khamiras, which can be used in cardiac and associated diseases.

The article gives information about different Khamiras used in the Unani system of medicine and their composition, which will be helpful for Unani scholars and researchers, to gather information about the Khamiras mentioned in Unani Medicine.

Bayaz e Kabeer Hindi 3 Volumes Set

Carrying out such attempts will be helpful in exploring the scope of Unani medicine and it will lead to better healthcare professionals. Khan for his guidance. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. J Pharm Bioallied Sci. Ahmad1 Khalid M. Kamaland Tamanna Jahangir.

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Author information Article notes Copyright and Bagaz information Disclaimer. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract The Unani system of Medicine Unanipathywhich originated in Greece, is based on the principles proposed by Galen, a Greek practitioner. Cardiotonic, khameera, Unani system of medicine. Methods of Preparation and Other Descriptions of Several Khamiras Khamira Aabrasham Hakim Arshad Wala[ 45 ] Compound bayax formulation mentioned in Bayiaz-e-Kabir, Makhazanul Murakkebat, and National formulary of unani medicine contains — 17 constituents of plant origin, five constituents of animal origin, and four constituents of mineral origin [ Table 1 ].

Open in a separate window. Jabir Aabresham Sada[ 4 ] Compound Unani formulation mentioned in Bayiaz-e-Kabir containing — seven constituents of plant origin, two constituents of animal origin, and one constituent of mineral origin [ Table 2 ]. Khamira Aabresham Sada[ 910 ] Compound Unani formulation mentioned in NFUM and Bataz containing — eight constituents of plant origin, one constituent of animal origin, and one constituent of mineral origin [ Table 3 ].

Khamira Aabresham Sheerah Unnab Wala[ 45 ] Compound Unani formulation mentioned in Bayiaz-e-Kabir and Makhazanul Murakkebat containing — 12 constituents of plant origin and three constituents of animal origin [ Table 4 ]. Khamira Aabresham Ood Mastagi Wala[ 45 ] Compound Unani formulation mentioned in Bayaz-e-Kabir and Kair Murakkebat containing — six constituents of plant origin, five constituents of animal origin, and two constituents of mineral origin [ Table 5 ].

Table 6 Composition of Khamira Sandal Sada. Khamira Sandal Tursh Warq-e-Tila Wala[ 45 ] Compound Unani gayaz mentioned in Bayiaz-e-Kabir and Makhazanul Murakkebat containing — eight constituents of plant origin, one constituent of animal origin, and three constituents of mineral origin [ Table 7 ]. Table 8 Composition of Khamira Gaozaban Sada.

Khamira Gaozaban Ambari[ 45 ] Compound Unani formulation mentioned in Bayiaz-e-Kabir and Makhazanul Murakkebat containing — 13 constituents of plant origin, two constituents of animal origin, and two constituents of mineral origin [ Table 9 ].