Genus Baphia refers to using the heartwood of the plant to extract a red dye. Species nitida refers to the wood having a polished surface. Ethnobotanical Uses . Widespread in west Africa, there are no major threats to this species at present. However, it is largely utilized locally throughout its range as a source of building. Kingdom: Plantae. Phylum/Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Eudicots. Order: Fabales. Family: Fabaceae. Genus: Baphia. Species: B. nitida. Common Names .

Author: Taugul Fenrilkis
Country: Sierra Leone
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Personal Growth
Published (Last): 28 May 2013
Pages: 459
PDF File Size: 10.26 Mb
ePub File Size: 19.72 Mb
ISBN: 484-6-91559-983-8
Downloads: 76971
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Tazuru

Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. Fruit a compressed pod 8— There are 1 news article citations related to Baphia nitida Lodd. It carves and turns well and planes smoothly. It reaches about 9 m 30 ft and produces small, fragrant pea flowers, white with yellow centres, from February to May. When freshly cut the sapwood is yellowish white, emitting haphia unpleasant smell, scarcely darkening when dry.

Up to about the s there was considerable export of camwood particularly from Sierra Leone and Liberia to Europe and the United States, both as dye and for wood turning and cabinet making. QR Code What’s this?

Baphia nitida

Baphia nitida Plant List: You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. Its vaphia is also a source of a red dye but it has been less exploited. It can fix Nitrogen. A decoction of the bark is drunk against epilepsy. The Digital Nature Archive of Singapore is built up by the help of various people: Baphia nitida trimmed as hedge obtained from National Parks Board, Singapore. In West Africa, powdered heartwood is a familiar red body paint and the paste is much used as a cosmetic for the skin, e.

nitlda From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Leguminosae on mice and rats. Journal of the Chemical Society. The leaves have inflammatory activities, antidiarrheal effects, and analgesic activities. A pharmacological evaluation of Baphia nitida Lodd Leguminosae ethanolic extract on rats and mice. The dye is soluble in alkali and alcohol, much less so in water[ ].


It was formerly cultivated as a niida. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[ ]. The seeds are edible. Anti-nutritive and toxic factors in trees and shrubs used as browse.

It was used for dark grey and black colours in the wool-cloth industry until the beginning of the 20th century. Flowers in axillary fascicles, 1—5-flowered, bisexual, papilionaceous; pedicel slender, 3—17 mm long; calyx spathaceous, 8—10 mm long, glabrous but with a tuft of brown hairs at apex; corolla with standard suborbicular, 1—2 cm in diameter, white with a yellow centre, wings and keel white with a pocket near the base; stamens 10, filaments unequal, free, up to 7 mm long; ovary superior, sessile, glabrous, sometimes with a row of silvery hairs along the dorsal margin, 1-celled, style curved, filiform, stigma small.

Because the dye does not dissolve well in water the wood is boiled for 1.

Baphia nitida – Useful Tropical Plants

This is a QR code short for Quick Response which gives fast-track access to bapnia website pages. In particular, it has been used in traditional African medicine. Baphia angolensis sensu Lester-Garland Baphia barombiensis Taub. Both leaves and bark are considered haemostatic and anti-inflammatory, and are used for healing sores and wounds[ ].

Read more about the Fabales order. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1, – 2,mm, but tolerates 1, – 4,mm[ ]. Baphia nitida – Lodd.

Baphia nitida foliage obtained from National Parks Board, Singapore. In Benin a decoction of the leaves is taken naphia jaundice and diabetes; in combination with leaves of Morinda lucida Benth. It carves and turns well and planes smoothly. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. In Nigeria, Tiv people colour the inside of a gourd prepared as a beehive with the red dye to attract a baaphia to settle there and Yoruba honey-hunters rub their body with the dye paste to prevent bee-stings.


This Faboideae -related article is a stub. In the leaves saponins, flavonoid glycosides and true tannins are present.

Common Name Camwood, Baphia Family Fabaceae USDA hardiness Known Hazards None known Habitats An understorey tree in wetter parts of the coastal regions, in rainforest, in secondary forest and on abandoned farmland, from sea-level up to metres[ ]. If you wish to contribute any images, documents, videos or other forms of media, or if you have any queries…. Baphia nitida Distribution of Baphia nitida Lodd. It was formerly exported to Europe for turnery and cabinetry.

A bark decoction is drunk nitkda cure epilepsy and cardiac pain[ ]. It can be made into violin bows, umbrella handles, walking sticks and table legs. In some areas it is associated with superstitions; in southeast Nigeria the Ijo people carve fetish objects from it to protect an area from evil spirits.

Showing 0 bitida 0 comments. To extract the dye the wood is cut into much smaller pieces or pulverized. In the wool industry, camwood was not only used to obtain red colours but a nirida range of reddish to dark brown colours called? Baphia nitida often grows as an understorey tree in wetter parts of coastal regions, in rainforest, in secondary forest and on abandoned farmland, from sea-level up to nitifa altitude. There are 8 Wikipedia citations related to Baphia nitida Lodd.

The principal dyeing substances are the isoflavonoid-flavonoid dimers santalins A and B and santarubins A, B and C, but several other compounds such nitidda baphic acid, baphiin, deoxysantarubin, homopterocarpin, maackiain, pterocarpin and santal possibly also contribute to the colouring properties.